JOURNAL ARTICLE

Overexpression of myocilin in cultured human trabecular meshwork cells

Kelly Wentz-Hunter, Xiang Shen, Kazushiro Okazaki, Hidenobu Tanihara, Beatrice Y J T Yue
Experimental Cell Research 2004 July 1, 297 (1): 39-48
15194423
The trabecular meshwork, a specialized eye tissue, is a major site for regulation of the aqueous humor outflow. Malfunctioning of the trabecular meshwork is believed to be responsible for development of glaucoma, a blinding disease. Myocilin is a gene linked to the most common form of glaucoma. Its expression is known to be upregulated by glucocorticoids in trabecular meshwork cells and the altered myocilin level may be the culprit for glaucomatous conditions such as corticosteroid-induced glaucoma. In this study, we examined the influence of myocilin overexpression on the adhesion, spreading, migration, phagocytosis, and apoptosis of human trabecular meshwork cells in culture. When the myocilin expression was increased by 3- to 4-fold, the transfectants showed a dramatic loss of actin stress fibers and focal adhesions. Cell adhesion to fibronectin and spreading were also compromised. Myocilin thus appeared to have a de-adhesive activity, similar to that reported extensively with matricellular proteins. The transfected cells in addition displayed an increased sensitivity to apoptosis. These results demonstrate that overexpression of myocilin renders trabecular meshwork cells in a de-adhesive and vulnerable state. This vulnerability may be the basis for pathologic consequences in subtypes of glaucoma.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15194423
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"