Read by QxMD icon Read

Contribution of degeneration of motor and sensory fibers to pain behavior and the changes in neurotrophic factors in rat dorsal root ganglion

Koichi Obata, Hiroki Yamanaka, Yi Dai, Toshiyuki Mizushima, Tetsuo Fukuoka, Atsushi Tokunaga, Hideki Yoshikawa, Koichi Noguchi
Experimental Neurology 2004, 188 (1): 149-60
To elucidate the role of the degeneration of motor and sensory fibers in neuropathic pain, we examined the pain-related behaviors and the changes of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the L4/5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and the spinal cord after L5 ventral rhizotomy. L5 ventral rhizotomy, producing a selective lesion of motor fibers, produced thermal hyperalgesia and increased BDNF expression in tyrosine kinase A-containing small- and medium-sized neurons in the L5 DRG and their central terminations within the spinal cord, but not in the L4 DRG. Furthermore, L5 ventral rhizotomy up-regulated nerve growth factor (NGF) protein in small to medium diameter neurons in the L5 DRG and also in ED-1-positive cells in the L5 spinal nerve, suggesting that NGF synthesized in the degenerative fibers is transported to the L5 DRG and increases BDNF synthesis. On the other hand, L5 ganglionectomy, producing a selective lesion of sensory fibers, produced heat hypersensitivity and an increase in BDNF and NGF in the L4 DRG. These data indicate that degeneration of L5 sensory fibers distal to the DRG, but not motor fibers, might influence the neighboring L4 nerve fibers and induce neurotrophin changes in the L4 DRG. We suggest that these changes of neurotrophins in the intact primary afferents of neighboring nerves may be one of many complex mechanisms, which can explain the abnormal pain behaviors after nerve injury. The ventral rhizotomy and ganglionectomy models may be useful to investigate the pathophysiological mechanisms of neuropathic pain after Wallerian degeneration in motor or sensory or mixed nerve.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"