The pathology of ductal-type pancreatic carcinomas and pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia: insights for clinicians

Günter Klöppel, Jutta Lüttges
Current Gastroenterology Reports 2004, 6 (2): 111-8
The phenotypic classification of pancreatic neoplasms is based on their cellular lineage. Thus, tumors with a ductal, acinar, and endocrine phenotype can be distinguished. Most pancreatic neoplasms show a ductal phenotype and can be classified as ductal adenocarcinomas. Less common tumors with a ductal phenotype are the variants of ductal adenocarcinoma, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (including colloid carcinoma), mucinous cystic neoplasm, medullary carcinoma, and other rare tumors. Ductal adenocarcinomas most likely develop from ductal proliferative lesions arising in the pancreatic duct system. A recently adopted classification system for these lesions distinguishes between three grades of pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN). Molecular studies have revealed that PanIN-2 and PanIN-3 lesions represent a distinct step toward invasive carcinoma.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"