JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Effects of continuous vasopressin infusion in patients with septic shock.

BACKGROUND: Small studies have reported that vasopressin improves hemodynamic instability in patients with septic shock.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vasopressin infusion increases blood pressure, decreases catecholamine vasopressor use, and improves renal function in a large patient population with septic shock when used in a clinical setting.

METHODS: A retrospective chart audit was conducted of critically ill patients who received vasopressin infusion for septic shock from January 2000 through September 2002. Demographic, hemodynamic, laboratory, vasopressor, and adverse event data were collected. Statistical methods included ANOVA with Tukey's test for post hoc analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 102 of 353 patients met study criteria. The mean +/- SD vasopressin dosage regimen was 0.11 +/- 0.17 units/min for 53.8 +/- 71.5 hours. Compared with baseline, vasopressin infusion improved mean arterial pressure (MAP) by 15% within one hour (p < 0.05), reduced heart rate by 9% within 4 hours (p < 0.05), and reduced hourly dopamine dosage by 25% within 8 hours (p < 0.05). These effects persisted through 96 hours. Other hemodynamic variables and catecholamine vasopressor usage parameters were not statistically different from baseline. Urine output, serum creatinine, and serum sodium concentrations were not statistically changed from baseline. Adverse events possibly associated with vasopressin infusion included ischemic digits/extremities, myocardial infarction, and hyponatremia.

CONCLUSIONS: Vasopressin infusion was effective in increasing MAP and reducing heart rate while decreasing the dopamine dosage in patients with septic shock. Comparative studies with catecholamine vasopressors are needed to define the optimal role of vasopressin in septic shock therapy. In the meantime, vasopressin infusion at <or=0.03 units/min should be considered only if response to 1 or 2 catecholamine vasopressors is inadequate or as a method to reduce the dose of these therapies.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app