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Sturge-Weber syndrome: a review.

Sturge-Weber syndrome is a rare disorder that occurs with a frequency of approximately 1 per 50,000. The disease is characterized by an intracranial vascular anomaly, leptomeningeal angiomatosis, most often involving the occipital and posterior parietal lobes. Facial cutaneous vascular malformations, seizures, and glaucoma are among the most common symptoms and signs. Stasis results in ischemia underlying the leptomeningeal angiomatosis, leading to calcification and laminar cortical necrosis. The clinical course is highly variable and some children experience intractable seizures, mental retardation, and recurrent strokelike episodes. In this review, we describe the syndrome's characteristic features, clinical course, and optimal management.

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