Aldosterone potentiates angiotensin II-induced signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells

Istvan Mazak, Anette Fiebeler, Dominik N Muller, Joon-Keun Park, Erdenechimeg Shagdarsuren, Carsten Lindschau, Ralf Dechend, Christiane Viedt, Bernhard Pilz, Hermann Haller, Friedrich C Luft
Circulation 2004 June 8, 109 (22): 2792-800

BACKGROUND: In a double-transgenic human renin and human angiotensinogen rat model, we found that mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockade ameliorated angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced renal and cardiac damage. How Ang II and aldosterone (Ald) might interact is ill defined.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the effects of Ang II (10(-7) mol/L) and Ald (10(-7) mol/L) on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) with Western blotting and confocal microscopy. Ang II induced ERK 1/2 and JNK phosphorylation by 2 minutes. Ald achieved the same at 10 minutes. Ang II+Ald had a potentiating effect by 2 minutes. Two oxygen radical scavengers and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonist AG1478 reduced Ang II-, Ald-, and combination-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Preincubating the cells with the MR blocker spironolactone (10(-6) mol/L) abolished Ang II-induced ROS generation, EGFR transactivation, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation.

CONCLUSIONS: Ald potentiates Ang II-induced ERK-1/2 and JNK phosphorylation. Oxygen radicals, the MR, and the EGFR play a role in early signaling induced by Ang II and Ald in VSMCs. These in vitro data may help explain the effects of MR blockade on Ang II-induced end-organ damage in vivo.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"