JOURNAL ARTICLE

Aldosterone potentiates angiotensin II-induced signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells

Istvan Mazak, Anette Fiebeler, Dominik N Muller, Joon-Keun Park, Erdenechimeg Shagdarsuren, Carsten Lindschau, Ralf Dechend, Christiane Viedt, Bernhard Pilz, Hermann Haller, Friedrich C Luft
Circulation 2004 June 8, 109 (22): 2792-800
15159288

BACKGROUND: In a double-transgenic human renin and human angiotensinogen rat model, we found that mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockade ameliorated angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced renal and cardiac damage. How Ang II and aldosterone (Ald) might interact is ill defined.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the effects of Ang II (10(-7) mol/L) and Ald (10(-7) mol/L) on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) with Western blotting and confocal microscopy. Ang II induced ERK 1/2 and JNK phosphorylation by 2 minutes. Ald achieved the same at 10 minutes. Ang II+Ald had a potentiating effect by 2 minutes. Two oxygen radical scavengers and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonist AG1478 reduced Ang II-, Ald-, and combination-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Preincubating the cells with the MR blocker spironolactone (10(-6) mol/L) abolished Ang II-induced ROS generation, EGFR transactivation, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation.

CONCLUSIONS: Ald potentiates Ang II-induced ERK-1/2 and JNK phosphorylation. Oxygen radicals, the MR, and the EGFR play a role in early signaling induced by Ang II and Ald in VSMCs. These in vitro data may help explain the effects of MR blockade on Ang II-induced end-organ damage in vivo.

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