JOURNAL ARTICLE
RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
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Inflammatory markers in intrauterine and fetal blood and cerebrospinal fluid compartments are associated with adverse pulmonary and neurologic outcomes in preterm infants.

Recent evidence strongly implicates the inflammatory response to intrauterine infection in the pathogenesis of neonatal brain and lung injury. We hypothesized that lung and brain injury in preterm infants occurs during a common developmental window of vulnerability as the result of an inflammatory response in different compartments. To determine whether inflammatory markers in these compartments are associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) or cranial ultrasound (CUS) abnormalities in infants <33 wk gestation age (GA) and <1501 g birth weight, we analyzed placental pathology and serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) IL-6, IL-1beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) concentrations in 276 infants. Logistic regressions were performed stratified by GA. Histologic chorioamnionitis was significantly associated with BPD in infants /=17 pg/mL was associated with an abnormal CUS in infants >28 wk GA (OR 3.36, p = 0.023) but not /=6.5 pg/mL and TNF-alpha >/=3 pg/mL were associated with abnormal CUS in infants /=28 wk GA. These data suggest that in infants

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