[Connective tissue growth factor synergistically with transforming growth factor beta 1 to promote renal fibrosis]

Min Yang, Hai-chang Huang, Jing-zi Li, Hai-yan Wang
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2004 April 2, 84 (7): 569-73

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of CTGF and TGF-beta(1) on the synthesis and secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and myofibrotic activation in renal fibroblasts.

METHODS: Equal numbers of renal fibroblasts (NRK-49F) were planted and divided into vechile, CTGF treated alone, TGF-beta(1) treated alone, and CTGF plus TGF-beta(1) treated groups. Gelatin zymography and Western-blot analysis were used for assay of the MMP-2 activity and protein level in the supernatant cultured medium, respectively. The levels of MMP-2 mRNA were assessed by real time-PCR. Western-blot analysis was carried out to measure the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), a maker protein of myofibroblast in cells, and the levels of extracellular matrix (ECM) component Fibronectin in supernantant medium.

RESULTS: The activity and protein level of MMP-2 were no significant difference between the groups when cells were stimulated for 24 hours. While cells were stimulated for 48 hours, 100 ng/ml CTGF and 5 ng/ml TGF- beta(1) induce a increase in MMP-2 activity and protein levels compared with vechile, respectively (P < 0.05); different dose of CTGF plus TGF-beta(1) had the tendency to suppress MMP-2 activity and protein level, and a significant decrease was seen in 50 ng/ml CTGF plus 5 ng/ml TGF-beta(1) group, 100 ng/ml CTGF plus 5 ng/ml TGF-beta(1) group compared with CTGF group and TGF-beta(1) group, respectively (P < 0.05). When cells were stimulated for 12 hours, the levels of MMP-2 mRNA were increased significantly in 100 ng/ml CTGF group and 5 ng/ml TGF-beta(1) group compared with vechile respectively beta(1.72), 1.68 vs 1.29, (P < 0.01), decreased significantly in CTGF plus TGF-beta(1) group compared with CTGF group and TGF-beta(1) group, respectively (0.67 vs 1.72, 1.68, P < 0.01). 100 ng/ml CTGF had no prominent effect on the expression of alpha-SMA in cells and FN in supernatant medium (P > 0.05), whereas 5 ng/ml TGF-beta(1) significantly stimulated both the expression of alpha-SMA and FN (P < 0.05), and CTGF plus TGF-beta(1) induced more alpha-SMA and FN compared with TGF-beta(1) (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: CTGF synergistically with TGF-beta(1) to induce the formation of myofibroblasts and down-regulate the production of MMP-2 in renal fibroblast.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"