Fracture resistance of re-attached coronal fragments—influence of different adhesive materials and bevel preparation

Flávio Fernando Demarco, Rose-Marie Fay, Lilliam Marie Pinzon, John M Powers
Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology 2004, 20 (3): 157-63
The purpose of this study was to investigate the fracture resistance of re-attached coronal fragments of teeth using different materials and tooth preparations. Seventy-two recently extracted bovine incisors were selected. Eight incisors were maintained without any preparation as a control group. The incisal third of the other teeth was sectioned using a diamond saw. In one group (n = 32), a 2-mm bevel was prepared, whereas in the second group no preparation was made (n = 32). The specimens (beveled and non-beveled) were divided in four groups (n = 8) and re-attached with the following materials: a dual-cured resin cement RelyX ARC (RX); a chemically cured composite Bisfil 2B (B2); a light-cured composite Z250 (Z2); and a one-bottle adhesive Single Bond (SB). The bevel region was restored with adhesive and composite. All materials were used according to manufacturer's directions. A light-curing unit was used to polymerize the materials. Specimens were stored in saline solution for 72 h. De-bonding procedures were performed in a testing machine with cross-head speed of 0.6 mm min(-1). The load was applied in the incisal third. The resistance to fracture for control group was 70 (7) kg. The fracture resistance for non-beveled and beveled specimens were: SB, 3.3 (2.4) and 17.0 (4.1); RX, 11.5 (3.0) and 16.3 (3.1); Z2, 14.4 (4.2) and 20.5 (1.7); and B2, 19.5 (3.5) and 32.5 (7.4) kg. Analysis of variance (anova) and Fisher's protected least significant difference (PLSD) test disclosed significant influence for materials and cavity designs (P = 0.001). The highest failure loads were obtained with the B2 group and then with the Z2 with either bevel or non-bevel. RX produced lower failure loads than the restorative composites. The lowest failure load was obtained with SB in the non-beveled group. No technique studied was able to attain the fracture resistance of the control group and both materials and tooth preparation influenced the fracture resistance.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"