JOURNAL ARTICLE

An FET-type charge sensor for highly sensitive detection of DNA sequence

Dong-Sun Kim, Yong-Taek Jeong, Hey-Jung Park, Jang-Kyoo Shin, Pyung Choi, Jong-Hyun Lee, Geunbae Lim
Biosensors & Bioelectronics 2004 July 30, 20 (1): 69-74
15142578
We have fabricated an field effect transistor (FET)-type DNA charge sensor based on 0.5 microm standard complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology which can detect the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) probe's immobilization and information on hybridization by sensing the variation of drain current due to DNA charge and investigated its electrical characteristics. FET-type charge sensor for detecting DNA sequence is a semiconductor sensor measuring the change of electric charge caused by DNA probe's immobilization on the gate metal, based on the field effect mechanism of MOSFET. It was fabricated in p-channel (P) MOSFET-type because the phosphate groups present in DNA have a negative charge and this charge determines the effective gate potential of PMOSFET. Gold (Au) which has a chemical affinity with thiol was used as the gate metal in order to immobilize DNA. The gate potential is determined by the electric charge which DNA possesses. Variation of the drain current versus time was measured. The drain current increased when thiol DNA and target DNA were injected into the solution, because of the field effect due to the electrical charge of DNA molecules. The experimental validity was verified by the results of mass changes detected using quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) under the same measurement condition. Therefore it is confirmed that DNA sequence can be detected by measuring the variation of the drain current due to the variation of DNA charge and the proposed FET-type DNA charge sensor might be useful in the development for DNA chips.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15142578
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"