JOURNAL ARTICLE

Long-term detrimental effect of bile duct injury on health-related quality of life

Derek E Moore, Irene D Feurer, Michael D Holzman, Leonard J Wudel, Carolyn Strickland, D Lee Gorden, Ravi Chari, J Kelly Wright, C Wright Pinson
Archives of Surgery 2004, 139 (5): 476-81; discussion 481-2
15136346

HYPOTHESIS: Long-term quality of life (QOL) in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) incurring bile duct injury (BDI) and repair is comparable to that of patients undergoing uncomplicated LC.

DESIGN: Case comparison study.

SETTING: Secondary and tertiary care centers.

PATIENTS: Eighty-six patients incurring BDI during LC between January 1, 1991, and July 31, 2003, were surveyed. Comparison subjects underwent uncomplicated LC during the same period.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Health-related QOL as assessed by the Karnofsky Performance Scale, Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale.

RESULTS: Fifty patients with BDI (39 [78%] female; mean +/- SEM age, 55 +/- 2 years) and 74 patients with uncomplicated LC (51 [69%] female, mean +/- SEM age, 52 +/- 2 years) responded. Of the 50 BDI patients, 48 (96%) had no stricture and normal liver function at QOL assessment. The mean +/- SEM follow-up period to QOL assessment for the BDI and uncomplicated LC groups was 62 +/- 6 and 47 +/- 3 months, respectively. The mean +/- SD Karnofsky Performance Scale scores were 77 +/- 9 vs 93 +/- 8 for the 2 groups, respectively (P <.001). The mean +/- SD SF-36 physical component scale scores after BDI vs uncomplicated LC were 36 +/- 11 vs 47 +/- 12, respectively (P <.001), compared with 50 +/- 10 for the normal population (P <.001). The mean +/- SD SF-36 mental component scale scores were 43 +/- 14 vs 49 +/- 11 for the 2 groups, respectively (P =.02), compared with 50 +/- 10 for the normal population (P =.01). Patients with BDI scored poorer on the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale health care orientation and domestic environment scales (P=.01).

CONCLUSION: After BDI and repair, there are long-term detrimental effects of BDI on health-related QOL.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15136346
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"