JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and basic calcium phosphate crystal-induced arthropathies: update on pathogenesis, clinical features, and therapy.

Calcium-containing crystals are the most common class for the osteoarthritic joint. They are responsible for acute periarthritis and destructive arthropathies, and for tissue deposits mimicking tumor-like masses. These crystals encompassed mainly calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate and basic calcium phosphate crystals, with the latter being related to hydroxyapatite, carbonate-substituted apatite, and octacalcium phosphate. Calcification deposit mechanisms will be reviewed with respect to extracellular inorganic pyrophosphate dysregulation mainly caused by modulation of specific membrane channel disorders. Genetic defects have been extensively studied and identified mutation of specific genes such as ANKH and COL. Pathogenesis of crystal-induced inflammation is related to synovial tissue and direct cartilage activation. Besides classical knee or wrist pseudogout attacks or Milwaukee shoulder arthropathies, clinicians should be aware of other specific common presentations, such as erosive calcifications, spinal cord compression by intraspinal masses, ligamentum flavum calcification, or atypical calcified tophus. Promising clinical results for preventing calcium crystal deposits and cartilage degradation are lacking. Practical imaging tools are needed to monitor reduction of calcification of fibrocartilage and articular cartilage as markers of drug efficacy.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app