Bleeding events with abciximab in acute coronary syndromes without early revascularization: An analysis of GUSTO IV-ACS

Timo Lenderink, Eric Boersma, Witold Ruzyllo, Petr Widimsky, E Magnus Ohman, Paul W Armstrong, Lars Wallentin, Maarten L Simoons
American Heart Journal 2004, 147 (5): 865-73

BACKGROUND: The glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist abciximab reduces the risk of thrombotic complications with percutaneous coronary intervention, but also has been associated with higher bleeding rates.

METHODS: In the Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Arteries in Acute Coronary Syndromes (GUSTO IV-ACS) trial, abciximab (either a 24-hour or 48-hour infusion) was compared with placebo in 7800 patients with an acute coronary syndrome. During study drug administration, 2% of the patients underwent a revascularization procedure.

RESULTS: In 1507 patients (19.3%), bleeding according to the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) classification was observed while they were hospitalized or within 7 days. Ninety-eight patients (1.2%) had a major bleed, including 8 with intracranial hemorrhages. In 215 patients (2.8%), a minor bleed was reported, and in 1194 patients (15.3%), an insignificant bleed was reported. Bleeding was more frequent in patients receiving a 48-hour infusion of abciximab. Spontaneous bleeding was seen in 911 patients (11.7%). The other 596 patients had a bleeding event in conjunction with a procedure. The most significant predictors for bleeding with multivariable analysis were: use of low-molecular weight heparin, duration of abciximab infusion, region of hospitalization, performance of coronary artery bypass grafting or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), advanced age, and female sex. For major bleeding, the predictors were performance of coronary artery bypass grafting or PCI, long duration of abciximab administration, and advanced age.

CONCLUSION: Treatment with abciximab in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes is safe because major bleeding and stroke are rare, and most events are clinically manageable or have few clinical consequences. Guidelines for use of abciximab in combination with other antithrombotic agents developed for PCI should also be respected in acute coronary syndromes. Specific dosing guidelines for combination with low-molecular weight heparin must be developed for patients who subsequently will undergo a PCI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"