JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Antiarrhythmic drug therapy and cardiac mortality in atrial fibrillation. The Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Investigators

G C Flaker, J L Blackshear, R McBride, R A Kronmal, J L Halperin, R G Hart
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1992, 20 (3): 527-32
1512329

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relation between cardiac mortality and antiarrhythmic drug administration has not been fully determined. This relation was analyzed in 1,330 patients enrolled in the Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Study, a randomized clinical trial comparing warfarin, aspirin and placebo for the prevention of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

METHODS: Patients who received antiarrhythmic drug therapy for atrial fibrillation in this study were compared with patients not receiving antiarrhythmic agents. The relative risk of cardiac mortality, including arrhythmic death, in patients receiving antiarrhythmic drug therapy was determined and adjusted for other cardiac risk factors.

RESULTS: In patients receiving antiarrhythmic drug therapy, cardiac mortality was increased 2.5-fold (p = 0.006, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.3 to 4.9) and arrhythmic death was increased 2.6-fold (p = 0.02, 95% CI 1.2 to 5.6). Among patients with a history of congestive heart failure, those given antiarrhythmic medications had a relative risk of cardiac death of 4.7 (p less than 0.001, 95% CI 1.9 to 11.6) compared with that of patients not so treated; the relative risk of arrhythmic death in the treated group was 3.7 (p = 0.01, 95% CI 1.3 to 10.4). Patients without a history of congestive heart failure had no increased risk of cardiac mortality (relative risk 0.70, 95% CI 0.2 to 3.1) during antiarrhythmic drug therapy. After exclusion of 23 patients with documented ventricular arrhythmias and adjustment for other variables predictive of cardiac death, patients receiving antiarrhythmic drugs were not at increased risk of cardiac death or arrhythmic death. However, in patients with a history of heart failure who received antiarrhythmic drug therapy, the relative risk of cardiac death was 3.3 (p = 0.05, 95% CI 0.99 to 11.1) and that of arrhythmic death was 5.8 (p = 0.009, 95% CI 1.5 to 21.7) compared with the risk in patients not taking antiarrhythmic medications.

CONCLUSIONS: Although antiarrhythmic drug therapy was not randomly determined in this trial, the data suggest that in patients with atrial fibrillation and a history of congestive heart failure, the risk of such therapy may outweigh the potential benefit of maintaining sinus rhythm.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
1512329
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"