JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Cystocele repair by vaginal approach with a tension-free transversal polypropylene mesh. Technique and results]

G Bader, A Fauconnier, N Roger, D Heitz, Y Ville
Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité 2004, 32 (4): 280-4
15123096

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mid term results, tolerance and efficiency of interposition of a tension-free polypropylene monofilament mesh by vaginal approach for the repair of cystoceles.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourty consecutive women underwent this new procedure between March 2001 and September 2002. After complete dissection of the cystocele, the polypropylene mesh (Gynemesh), Gynecare, Ethicon, Johnson & Johnson, France), proper cut-out was positioned under the bladder without any fixation. The lateral extensions of the mesh where introduced in the para-vesical spaces in contact with the arcus tendinus fascia pelvis.

RESULTS: Before surgery all patients had cystocele of more or equal than grade II according to the POP-Q classification. Eight had grade II cystocele (20%) and 32 had grade III cystocele (80%). Thirty women had associated posterior or median prolapse (82.5%). Thirty women had urinary incontinence (75%). Mean age was 63.9 years (51-78). The procedure was performed without any difficulty in all cases. Duration of a cystocele cure procedure was 20 min +/- 2.2 (16-24). Mean follow-up is 16.4 months +/- 4.7 (12-24). The early complication rate was 7.5% (two vaginal erosions and one complete exposition of the mesh which requires secondary ablation). There was no mesh infection. The success rate was 95%. The satisfaction index overpasses 80% in 95% of our patients 6 months after the cystocele repair.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The interposition of a sub-vesical transversal tension-free polypropylene mesh by the vaginal route seems to be an excellent procedure in the definitive surgical treatment of grades II and III anterior vaginal wall prolapse. This new procedure is simple, mini-invasive, reproducible and efficient with low morbidity and good tolerance.

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