[Bupivacaine for continuous interscalene brachial plexus analgesia after shoulder surgery]

Ramūnas Tamosiūnas, Rimtautas Gudas, Aurika Karbonskiene, Irena Marchertiene
Medicina 2004, 40 (4): 351-7

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates clinical efficacy of continuous interscalene brachial plexus block with bupivacaine 0.15% for postoperative analgesia after shoulder surgery.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty patients, scheduled for elective shoulder surgery, were included in this study. All patients received an interscalene block before surgery. A perineural catheter was then introduced for continuous brachial plexus analgesia. Patients were prospectively randomized in a double-blinded fashion to receive either bupivacaine 0.15% or placebo postoperative infusion through an interscalene catheter. Pain was assessed with a visual analog scale at rest and also in motion. Duration of surgery and surgery type, satisfaction scores, supplemental analgesia, side effects, circulatory and respiratory parameters were recorded.

RESULTS: The bupivacaine group showed less pain at rest and in motion than the placebo group (p<0.0001), except 4 and 6 h after the brachial plexus block; a requirement for supplemental analgesia was also lower. Side effects (except weakness in the arm, which was more frequent in bupivacaine group), circulatory and respiratory parameters were comparable in both groups. Satisfaction scores were higher in bupivacaine group.

CONCLUSIONS: Continuous interscalene brachial plexus analgesia is a reliable and effective method of providing postoperative pain relief after shoulder surgery and is superior to the systemic analgesia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"