Differential regulation of neutrophil-activating chemokines by IL-6 and its soluble receptor isoforms

Rachel M McLoughlin, Suzanne M Hurst, Mari A Nowell, Dean A Harris, Sankichi Horiuchi, Llinos W Morgan, Thomas S Wilkinson, Naoki Yamamoto, Nicholas Topley, Simon A Jones
Journal of Immunology 2004 May 1, 172 (9): 5676-83
Interleukin-6 signaling via its soluble receptor (sIL-6R) differentially regulates inflammatory chemokine expression and leukocyte apoptosis to coordinate transition from neutrophil to mononuclear cell infiltration. sIL-6R activities may, however, be influenced in vivo by the occurrence of two sIL-6R isoforms that are released as a consequence of differential mRNA splicing (DS) or proteolytic cleavage (PC) of the cognate IL-6R (termed DS- and PC-sIL-6R). Using human peritoneal mesothelial cells and a murine model of peritoneal inflammation, studies described in this work have compared the ability of both isoforms to regulate neutrophil recruitment. In this respect, DS- and PC-sIL-6R were comparable in their activities; however, these studies emphasized that IL-6 trans signaling differentially controls neutrophil-activating CXC chemokine expression. In vitro, stimulation of mesothelial cells with IL-6 in combination with either DS-sIL-6R or PC-sIL-6R showed no induction of CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL)1 (GRO alpha) and CXCL8 (IL-8), whereas both isoforms enhanced CXCL5 (ENA-78) and CXCL6 (granulocyte chemotactic protein-2) expression. Moreover, when complexed with IL-6, both isoforms specifically inhibited the IL-1 beta-induced secretion of CXCL8. These findings were paralleled in vivo, in which induction of peritoneal inflammation in IL-6-deficient (IL-6(-/-)) mice resulted in enhanced keratinocyte-derived chemokine and macrophage-inflammatory protein-2 (the murine equivalent of CXCL1 and CXCL8) levels, but reduced LPS-induced CXC chemokine (the murine equivalent of CXCL5) expression. Reconstitution of IL-6 signaling in IL-6(-/-) mice with IL-6 and its soluble receptor isoforms corrected this chemokine imbalance and suppressed overall neutrophil infiltration. These data confirm that sIL-6R-mediated signaling primarily limits neutrophil influx; however, induction of CXCL5 and CXCL6 may regulate other neutrophil responses.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"