Longitudinal effects of Botox injections on voice-related quality of life (V-RQOL) for patients with adductory spasmodic dysphonia: part II

Adam D Rubin, Walter P Wodchis, Constance Spak, Paul R Kileny, Norman D Hogikyan
Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery 2004, 130 (4): 415-20

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longitudinal effects of botulinum toxin type A (Botox) injections on voice-related quality of life (V-RQOL) for patients with adductory spasmodic dysphonia.

DESIGN: Prospective study.

SETTING: Academic tertiary care referral center.

PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two patients who presented to our institution with dysphonia and were diagnosed as having adductory spasmodic dysphonia during a 38-month period.

INTERVENTION: Patients received Botox injections into both thyroarytenoid muscles via the cricothyroid membrane. The typical starting dose was 1.0 U per vocal fold. If necessary, the dosage was adjusted in subsequent injections to reduce adverse effects or to enhance duration of benefit.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients filled out questionnaires, including the V-RQOL Measure and a self-assessed overall voice rating, before each injection. Postinjection questionnaires were completed 6 to 8 weeks after each treatment. Mean pretreatment and posttreatment scores were calculated for each treatment.

RESULTS: The number of treatments per patient ranged from 1 to 7. Statistically significant improvements in mean total and domain V-RQOL scores were calculated for every injection (P<.01) (no postinjection questionnaires were available for the seventh injections). The magnitude of the effect remained constant for later injections. Eighty-two percent of the population recorded at least 1 category of improvement in overall self-assessed voice rating with each injection.

CONCLUSIONS: Botox has a significant beneficial effect on V-RQOL for at least 6 injection cycles. This study demonstrates the efficacy of Botox for treating patients with adductory spasmodic dysphonia and further illustrates the usefulness and validity of the V-RQOL Measure in evaluating patients with dysphonia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"