Mobility of Zn, Cd and Pb in soils as affected by poultry litter extract—II. Redistribution among soil fractions

Z Li, L M Shuman
Environmental Pollution 1997, 95 (2): 227-34
The application of poultry litter to metal-contaminated soils may influence metal leaching and distribution of metals among soil fractions. Soil columns (one uncontaminated control, one metal-amended, and two metal-contaminated soils) were leached with H2O, CaCl2, EDTA, and poultry litter extract (PLE) solutions. After leaching, the soil samples in the columns were sequentially extracted for water soluble (WS), exchangeable (EXC), organic matter (OM), Mn oxide (MNO), amorphous Fe oxide (AFEO), crystalline Fe oxide (CFEO) and residual (RES) fractions. The OM fraction showed high retention for Zn from the PLE. The EDTA redistributed Zn, Cd and Pb from the EXC, OM and MNO fractions to the WS fraction. The PLE usually solubilized more Zn and Cd from the EXC fraction than CaCl2. Neither PLE nor CaCl2 mobilized Pb. The application of poultry litter on metal-contaminated soils might cause Zn and Cd redistribution from the EXC to the WS fraction and enhance metal mobility.

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