JOURNAL ARTICLE

The paraoxonase promoter polymorphism (-107)T>C is not associated with carotid intima-media thickness in Sicilian hypercholesterolemic patients

Salvatore Campo, Maria A Sardo, Giuseppe Trimarchi, Michele Bonaiuto, Maria Castaldo, Luisa Fontana, Antonio Bonaiuto, Alessandra Bitto, Carlo Saitta, Antonino Saitta
Clinical Biochemistry 2004, 37 (5): 388-94
15087255

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased plasma low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in hypercholesterolemic subjects are associated with enhanced LDL oxidation that represents an additional risk for atherosclerotic disease. Human serum paraoxonase (PON1), a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) associated enzyme, has been shown to protect LDL from oxidation, thus playing an important role in reducing the risk of atherosclerosis. PON1 gene polymorphisms have been found to be associated with the variations in serum PON1 levels and activities, and with the risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). This study was performed to evaluate the contribution of the PON1 promoter (-107)T>C and the coding region Gln 192 Arg (Q192R) and Leu 55 Met (L55M) polymorphisms to the presence of carotid atherosclerosis in 208 Sicilian subjects with primary hypercholesterolemia.

METHODS: Carotid artery intima-media wall thickness (IMT) was measured as an indicator of early atherosclerotic disease. The subjects were classified according to whether they have a normal (<or=1 mm) or an abnormal (>1 mm) IMT. Subjects were also investigated for physical and biochemical parameters, including PON1 activity.

RESULTS: No significant differences were detected among the PON1 genotypes with respect to age, sex, BMI, plasma lipids, systolic blood pressure in both groups of patients. There were significant differences between PON1 genotypes with respect to PON1 activity. The 192QQ, 55MM and (-107)TT genotypes showed lower PON1 activity compared to the RR, LL and CC genotypes. The PON1 (-107)T>C genotype distribution in both IMT groups showed no significant differences in percentage of TT, CT and CC genotypes. Similar results were obtained analyzing the Q192R and L55M genotype frequencies. Stepwise forward logistic regression analysis confirmed the lack of association between PON1 genotypes and carotid abnormalities.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our data provided no evidence of a significant association between either PON1 promoter (-107)T>C or coding region, Q192R and L55M, polymorphisms and early carotid atherosclerosis in Sicilian hypercholesterolemic subjects.

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