JOURNAL ARTICLE

Augmented production of chemokines by the interaction of type II collagen-reactive T cells with rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts

Do-June Min, Mi-La Cho, Sang-Heon Lee, So-Youn Min, Wan-Uk Kim, Jun-Ki Min, Sung-Hwan Park, Chul-Soo Cho, Ho-Youn Kim
Arthritis and Rheumatism 2004, 50 (4): 1146-55
15077296

OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of type II collagen (CII)-reactive T cells on the production of chemokines in the joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: T cell proliferative responses to bovine CII were assayed in synovial fluid (SF) mononuclear cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. CII-stimulated T cells were cocultured with fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). The expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) in the sera, SF, and supernatant of the CII-stimulated T cells and FLS coculture was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.

RESULTS: The levels of IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1 alpha in SF were significantly higher than those in paired sera of RA patients. IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1 alpha levels in SF were strongly correlated with T cell responses to CII. When FLS were cocultured with CII-stimulated T cells, the production of IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1 alpha was significantly increased. This increase correlated well with the T cell proliferative response to CII. Chemokine production by coculture of CII-stimulated T cells and FLS was mediated mainly by direct cell-cell contact through CD40 ligand-CD40 engagement.

CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that the presence of CII-reactive T cells in RA joints can increase the production of chemokines such as IL-8, MCP-1, and MIP-1 alpha through interaction with FLS. This chemokine production is mediated by cell-cell contact, including CD40 ligand-CD40 engagement. These results suggest that CII-reactive T cells play a crucial role in the amplification and perpetuation of the inflammatory process in the rheumatoid synovium.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15077296
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"