COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of antiretroviral drugs on liver fibrosis in HIV-infected patients with chronic hepatitis C: harmful impact of nevirapine

Juan Macías, Victor Castellano, Nicolás Merchante, Rosa B Palacios, José A Mira, Carmen Sáez, José A García-García, Fernando Lozano, Jesús M Gómez-Mateos, Juan A Pineda
AIDS 2004 March 26, 18 (5): 767-74
15075511

BACKGROUND: The hepatotoxicity of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) could enhance liver fibrosis in HIV/Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients. Moreover, HAART-related immune restoration could lessen HCV-associated liver damage. The data on the effect of protease inhibitors (PI) on liver fibrosis are scant and contradictory. No information is available on the relationship between non-nucleoside analogue therapy and liver fibrosis in co-infected patients.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between the use of different antiretroviral drugs and the liver fibrosis in patients with HIV and HCV infections.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

METHODS: All HIV/HCV co-infected patients with an available liver biopsy and known or estimated duration of HCV infection seen at a Infectious Diseases Unit were included in the study. The fibrosis stage and the fibrosis progression rate were evaluated.

RESULTS: The inclusion criteria were fulfilled by 152 patients. Age at HCV infection < 20 years [adjusted odds ratio (AOR), 0.39; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.19-0.82], PI-based HAART (AOR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.19-0.78) and nevirapine-based HAART (AOR, 2.56; 95% CI, 1.02-6.58) were associated with fibrosis stage >or= F3. The variables associated with fibrosis progression rate > 0.2 units/year were age at HCV infection < 20 years (AOR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.1-0.52), CD4 cell counts < or = 250 x 10/l at liver biopsy (AOR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.1-7.1), PI-based HAART (AOR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.2-0.8) and nevirapine-based HAART (AOR, 3.82; 95% CI, 1.9-7.6).

CONCLUSIONS: HAART regimens including nevirapine are associated with faster liver fibrosis progression in HIV-infected patients with chronic hepatitis C. In contrast, patients on PI as the backbone of potent antiretroviral therapy are more likely to show less liver fibrosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15075511
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"