COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Transient mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening mediates preconditioning-induced protection

Derek Hausenloy, Abigail Wynne, Michael Duchen, Derek Yellon
Circulation 2004 April 13, 109 (14): 1714-7
15066952

BACKGROUND: Transient (low-conductance) opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) may limit mitochondrial calcium load and mediate mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling. We hypothesize that transient mPTP opening and ROS mediate the protection associated with myocardial preconditioning and mitochondrial uncoupling.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated perfused rat hearts were subjected to 35 minutes of ischemia/120 minutes of reperfusion, and the infarct-risk-volume ratio was determined by tetrazolium staining. Inhibiting mPTP opening during the preconditioning phase with cyclosporine-A (CsA, 0.2 micromol/L) or sanglifehrin-A (SfA, 1.0 micromol/L) abolished the protection associated with ischemic preconditioning (IPC) (20.2+/-3.6% versus 45.9+/-2.5% with CsA, 49.0+/-7.1% with SfA; P<0.001); and pharmacological preconditioning with diazoxide (Dzx, 30 micromol/L) (22.1+/-2.7% versus 46.3+/-3.0% with CsA, 48.4+/-5.5% with SfA; P<0.001), CCPA (the adenosine A1-receptor agonist, 200 nmol/L) (24.9+/-4.5% versus 54.4+/-6.6% with CsA, 42.6+/-9.0% with SfA; P<0.001), or 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP, the mitochondrial uncoupler, 50 micromol/L) (15.7+/-2.7% versus 40.8+/-5.5% with CsA, 34.3+/-3.1% with SfA; P<0.001), suggesting that mPTP opening during the preconditioning phase is required to mediate protection in these settings. Inhibiting ROS during the preconditioning protocols with N-mercaptopropionylglycine (MPG, 1 mmol/L) also abolished the protection associated with IPC (20.2+/-3.6% versus 47.1+/-3.8% with MPG; P<0.001), diazoxide (22.1+/-2.7% versus 56.3+/-3.8% with MPG; P<0.001), and DNP (15.7+/-2.7% versus 50.7+/-6.6% with MPG; P<0.001) but not CCPA (24.9+/-4.5% versus 26.5+/-8.4% with MPG; P=NS). Further experiments in adult rat myocytes demonstrated that diazoxide induced CsA-sensitive, low-conductance transient mPTP opening (represented by a 28+/-3% reduction in mitochondrial calcein fluorescence compared with control; P<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: We report that the protection associated with IPC, diazoxide, and mitochondrial uncoupling requires transient mPTP opening and ROS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
15066952
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"