Single-nucleotide polymorphisms detected in expressed sequence tags of melon (Cucumis melo L.)

M Morales, E Roig, A J Monforte, P Arús, J Garcia-Mas
Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada 2004, 47 (2): 352-60
A search was performed for single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and short insertions-deletions (indels) in 34 melon (Cucumis melo L.) expressed sequence tag (EST) fragments between two distantly related melon genotypes, a group Inodorus 'Piel de sapo' market class breeding line T111 and the Korean accession PI 161375. In total, we studied 15 kb of melon sequence. The average frequency of SNPs between the two genotypes was one every 441 bp. One indel was also found every 1666 bp. Seventy-five percent of the polymorphisms were located in introns and the 3'untranslated regions. On average, there were 1.26 SNPs plus indels per amplicon. We explored three different SNP detection systems to position five of the SNPs in a melon genetic map. Three of the SNPs were mapped using cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) markers, one SNP was mapped using the single primer extension reaction with fluorescent-labelled dideoxynucleotides, and one indel was mapped using polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis separation. The discovery of SNPs based on ESTs and a suitable system for SNP detection has broad potential utility in melon genome mapping.

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