Transblepharoplasty lower eyelid and midface rejuvenation: part I. Avoiding complications by utilizing lessons learned from the treatment of complications

Michael Patipa
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2004 April 15, 113 (5): 1459-68; discussion 1475-7
Transblepharoplasty midface elevation has become a common aesthetic procedure in recent years. As new techniques have been utilized, complications have arisen. Management of these referred complications has resulted in the development of a technique that elevates the midface and restores the normal position and shape to the lower eyelid with minimal postoperative problems. Four principles must be followed to achieve satisfactory results. The orbicularis oculi/orbital septum bond must not be altered in midface surgery. The lateral canthus must be reattached to its normal anatomic location at the lateral orbital rim if there is lateral canthal tendon laxity. The orbital fat should be addressed via a transconjunctival approach, when necessary, to prevent middle lamella inflammation and orbital septum retraction. A suture at the inferior lateral orbital rim simulating the orbitomalar ligament, as well as orbicularis oculi muscle sutures, elevates the midface. Utilizing these steps, the midface and lower eyelid can be satisfactorily repositioned with minimal complications. This surgical approach can be utilized in all appropriate candidates but is especially useful in reoperative cosmetic surgery patients and the older patient population.

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