[Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: genes, mutations and animal models. A review]

Carlos Darío Ramírez, Raúl Padrón
Investigación Clínica 2004, 45 (1): 69-99
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an autosomal dominant disease, which may afflict as many as 1 in 500 subjects (0.2%), being probably the most common hereditary cardiovascular disease and the most common cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is characterized by the presence of unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy (in absence of hypertension, valvular disease, etc), which is usually asymmetric and involves the ventricular septum. Molecular genetic studies have identified eleven genes that code proteins of the sarcomere that are associated with the HCM; the beta-myosin heavy chain gene (MYH7), alpha-myosin heavy chain (MYH6), cardiac troponin T (TNNT2); cardiac troponin C (TNNC1), alpha-tropomyosin (TPM1), myosin binding protein-C (MYBPC3), cardiac troponin (TNNI3), essential and regulatory light chain genes (MYL3 and MYL2, respectively), cardiac alpha-actin gene (ACTC) and titin (TTN). The objective of this paper is the revision of the current state of the knowledge on (1) the organization and mutations of the HCM causing genes and their proteins and (2) the animal models developed for the study of the genes, mutations and proteins in the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"