[Ultrasound- and fluoroscopy-guided implantation of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs)]

B Gebauer, U K M Teichgräber, P Podrabsky, A Beck, H-J Wagner
RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 2004, 176 (3): 386-91

PURPOSE: Evaluation of ultrasound- and fluoroscopy-guided implantation of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 32 patients (12 males, 20 females; mean age 64.1 +/- 11.9 years) with clinical indication for long term central venous catheter (chemotherapy: N = 5; parenteral nutrition and fluid substitution: N = 26; parenteral pain therapy: N = 1) a PICC was placed by an interventional radiologist using ultrasound guidance.

RESULTS: The placement of the PICC was technically successful in 31 (96.9%) patients, with placement of 20 single-lumen 5F PICCs, 4 double-lumen 6F PICCs and 7 double-lumen 7F PICCs. The mean duration of catheter usage was 28.4 (2 - 161) days with a total of 910 catheter days. No catheter occlusions were recorded. Two patients developed a superficial venous thrombosis of the upper extremity. The resulting thrombotic rate was 2.2 per 1000 catheter days. No catheter associated infection was recorded.

CONCLUSION: The ultrasound guided placement of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) via a superficial vein of the upper extremity is a practical alternative to central catheters via central veins.

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