["Fast-track" colonic surgery-first experience with a clinical procedure for accelerating postoperative recovery]

W Schwenk, W Raue, O Haase, T Junghans, J M Müller
Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen 2004, 75 (5): 508-14

OBJECT: The aim of multimodal perioperative treatment concepts is to lower the extent of general complications after elective colonic resection and "traditional" perioperative therapy and to allow hospital discharge only a few days following the operation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we examined a new perioperative treatment plan for accelerating postoperative recovery and evaluated the results. This so-called "fast-track" program employs combined thoracal peridural analgesia, forced mobilization, and rapid renourishment within the clinic.

RESULTS: Sixty-four consecutive patients with benign or malignant disease of the large intestine aged an average of 66 years (range 54-71) were operated on. Thirty received conventional resection and 34 were operated on laparoscopically and treated perioperatively using the fast-track program. The hospital diet was given in all cases on the 1st postoperative day, and the first bowel movement occurred on the 2nd day (range 2-3). The patients could be released on the 4th postresection day (range 4-5). General and local postoperative complications were observed in five patients each (8%), including two cases of anastomotic insufficiency.

CONCLUSION: In colonic surgery, the "fast-track" method accelerated convalescence, lowered the number of general complications, and reduced the duration of hospital stay. Therefore, evaluation of "fast-track" concepts is warranted in other types of elective abdominal surgery.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"