Effect of age on O(2) uptake kinetics and the adaptation of muscle deoxygenation at the onset of moderate-intensity cycling exercise

Darren S DeLorey, John M Kowalchuk, Donald H Paterson
Journal of Applied Physiology 2004, 97 (1): 165-72
Phase 2 pulmonary O(2) uptake (Vo(2(p))) kinetics are slowed with aging. To examine the effect of aging on the adaptation of Vo(2(p)) and deoxygenation of the vastus lateralis muscle at the onset of moderate-intensity constant-load cycling exercise, young (Y) (n = 6; 25 +/- 3 yr) and older (O) (n = 6; 68 +/- 3 yr) adults performed repeated transitions from 20 W to work rates corresponding to moderate-intensity (80% estimated lactate threshold) exercise. Breath-by-breath Vo(2(p)) was measured by mass spectrometer and volume turbine. Deoxy (HHb)-, oxy-, and total Hb and/or myoglobin were determined by near-infrared spectroscopy (Hamamatsu NIRO-300). Vo(2(p)) data were filtered, interpolated to 1 s, and averaged to 5-s bins. HHb data were filtered and averaged to 5-s bins. Vo(2(p)) data were fit with a monoexponential model for phase 2, and HHb data were analyzed to determine the time delay from exercise onset to the start of an increase in HHb and thereafter were fit with a single-component exponential model. The phase 2 time constant for Vo(2(p)) was slower (P < 0.01) in O (Y: 26 +/- 7 s; O: 42 +/- 9 s), whereas the delay before an increase in HHb (Y: 12 +/- 2 s; O: 11 +/- 1 s) and the time constant for HHb after the time delay (Y: 13 +/- 10 s; O: 9 +/- 3 s) were similar in Y and O. However, the increase in HHb for a given increase in Vo(2(p)) (Y: 7 +/- 2 microM x l(-1) x min(-1); O: 13 +/- 4 microM x l(-1) x min(-1)) was greater (P < 0.01) in O compared with Y. The slower Vo(2(p)) kinetics in O compared with Y adults was accompanied by a slower increase of local muscle blood flow and O(2) delivery discerned from a faster and greater muscle deoxygenation relative to Vo(2(p)) in O.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"