Improvement of left ventricular wall synchronization with multisite ventricular pacing in heart failure: a prospective study using Doppler tissue imaging

Stephane Lafitte, Stephane Garrigue, Jean-Marie Perron, Pierre Bordachar, Sylvain Reuter, Pierre Jaïs, Michel Haïssaguerre, Jacques Clementy, Raymond Roudaut
European Journal of Heart Failure 2004 March 1, 6 (2): 203-12

UNLABELLED: We sought to assess right, left and biventricular pacing effects on myocardial function by using pulsed-Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and automated border detection (ABD) techniques which provide electromechanical delay (EMD) assessment of the different left ventricular walls.

METHODS: 15 patients (67+/-7 years) with drug-resistant primitive dilated cardiomyopathy and QRS> or =140 ms received a pacemaker for multisite ventricular pacing. Echocardiography was performed after 1 month of biventricular pacing (BVP). Echocardiographic measurements were recorded during spontaneous rhythm (SpR), right ventricular pacing (RVP), left ventricular pacing (LVP) and BVP.

RESULTS: LV ejection fraction was statistically similar between the four rhythms. BVP showed a significant EMD decrease for the lateral LV wall vs. SpR, RVP and even LVP. LVP resulted in significantly longer aortic pre-ejection time vs. BVP while the EMD temporal dispersion (time between the shortest regional EMD and the longest one) was similar in the two modes.

CONCLUSIONS: BVP and LVP substantially reduce the EMD temporal dispersion of the four LV walls, but with a longer aortic pre-ejection time for LVP. In RVP, LVP and BVP, the septal LV wall is always activated later than during SpR. BVP and LVP are associated with a mitral regurgitation reduction.

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