JOURNAL ARTICLE

The moisture-conserving performance of breathing system filters in use with simulated circle anaesthesia breathing systems

A R Wilkes
Anaesthesia 2004, 59 (3): 271-7
14984526
Breathing system filters can be used to humidify gases delivered to patients. Performance can be determined by measuring the net moisture loss (the difference between expired and inspired levels of humidity) from a patient model. The net moisture loss should be decreased by increasing the level of humidity in the breathing system by, for example, using a circle breathing system. The effect of four different filters, three different levels of humidity in the breathing system (7, 13 and 19 g.m-3) and two tidal volumes (0.5 l and 1.0 l) on the net moisture loss from a patient model was measured. The net moisture loss decreased as the humidity in the breathing system increased and was less for the lower tidal volume. Adequate levels of humidity (>/= 20 g.m-3) will be delivered to patients by most filters provided they are used in conjunction with circle breathing systems and low fresh gas flows.

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