JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Recently characterised autoantibodies and their clinical significance

A Sturgess
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine 1992, 22 (3): 279-89
1497555
Multisystem autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS), scleroderma and polymyositis are characterised by the presence of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs). Immunoblotting and cDNA cloning studies reveal that the autoantigens of the multisystem autoimmune diseases are important proteins involved in nucleic acid metabolism, including tRNA charging, intron splicing, DNA uncoiling, and RNA polymerase co-factors. Each specific syndrome associates with a restricted variety of ANAs, e.g. anti-La with primary SS, anti-Sm with SLE, anti-synthetase enzymes with myositis, anti-topoisomerase 1 (Scl 70) with scleroderma, and anti-centromere with CREST. Precise characterisation of an ANA provides valuable diagnostic and prognostic information, and should be performed when an ANA is detected.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
1497555
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"