JOURNAL ARTICLE

Oligopeptide-mediated acceleration of amyloid fibril formation of amyloid beta(Abeta) and alpha-synuclein fragment peptide (NAC)

Yoshihiro Kuroda, Yoshitaka Maeda, Hirofumi Hanaoka, Kazuhide Miyamoto, Terumichi Nakagawa
Journal of Peptide Science 2004, 10 (1): 8-17
14959887
The effects of oligopeptides on the secondary structures of Abeta and NAC, a fragment of alpha-synuclein protein, were studied by circular dichroism (CD) spectra. The effects of oligopeptides on the amyloid fibril formation were also studied by fluorescence spectra due to thioflavine-T. The oligopeptides were composed of a fragment of Abeta or NAC and were interposed by acidic or basic amino acid residues. The peptide, Ac-ELVFFAKK-NH2, which involved a fragment Leu-Val-Phe-Phe-Ala at Abeta(17-21), had no effect on the secondary structures of Abeta(1-28) in 60% or 90% trifluoroethanol (TFE) solutions at both pH 3.2 and pH 7.2. However, it showed pronounced effects on the secondary structure of Abeta(1-28) at pH 5.4. The Ac-ELVFFAKK-NH2 reduced the alpha-helical content, while it increased the beta-sheet content of Abeta(1-28). In phosphate buffer solutions at pH 7.0, Ac-ELVFFAKK-NH2 had little effect on the secondary structures of Abeta(1-28). However, it accelerated amyloid fibril formation when monitored by fluorescence spectra due to thioflavine-T. On the other hand, LPFFD, a peptide known as a beta-sheet breaker, caused neither an appreciable extent of change in the secondary structure nor amyloid fibril formation in the same buffer solution. The peptide, Ac-ETVK-NH2, which involved a fragment Thr-Val at NAC(21-22), had no effect on the secondary structure of NAC in 90% TFE and in isotonic phosphate buffer. However, Ac-ETVK-NH2 in water with small amounts of NaN3 and hexafluoroisopropanol greatly increased the beta-sheet content of NAC after standing the solution for more than 1 week. Interestingly, in this solution. Ac-ETVK-NH2, accelerated the fibril formation of NAC. It was concluded that an oligopeptide that involves a fragment of amyloidogenic proteins could be a trigger for the formation of amyloid plaques of the proteins even when it had little effect on the secondary structures of the proteins as monitored by CD spectra for a short incubation time.

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