JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Serotonin-GABA treatment is hypothesized for self-injury in Lesch-Nyhan syndrome.

Medical Hypotheses 1992 August
The self-injurious movements of Lesch-Nyhan patients are considered extremely severe and currently intractable. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a genetic disorder of purine metabolism resulting in several abnormalities, one of which is elevated levels of xanthine. The author reasons that elevated plasma xanthine sets off a chain of events that produce excessive endogenous convulsants and diminished endogenous anticonvulsants. Treatment is proposed for self-injury in Lesch-Nyhan that entails reducing production of two endogenous convulsants (kynurenine and quinolinic acid) and enhancing two endogenous anticonvulsants (serotonin and gamma aminobutyric acid).

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