B-type natriuretic peptide exerts broad functional opposition to transforming growth factor-beta in primary human cardiac fibroblasts: fibrosis, myofibroblast conversion, proliferation, and inflammation

Ann M Kapoun, Faquan Liang, Gilbert O'Young, Deborah L Damm, Diana Quon, R Tyler White, Kimberly Munson, Andrew Lam, George F Schreiner, Andrew A Protter
Circulation Research 2004 March 5, 94 (4): 453-61
The natriuretic peptides, including human B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), have been implicated in the regulation of cardiac remodeling. Because transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is associated with profibrotic processes in heart failure, we tested whether BNP could inhibit TGF-beta-induced effects on primary human cardiac fibroblasts. BNP inhibited TGF-beta-induced cell proliferation as well as the production of collagen 1 and fibronectin proteins as measured by Western blot analysis. cDNA microarray analysis was performed on RNA from cardiac fibroblasts incubated in the presence or absence of TGF-beta and BNP for 24 and 48 hours. TGF-beta, but not BNP, treatment resulted in a significant change in the RNA profile. BNP treatment resulted in a remarkable reduction in TGF-beta effects; 88% and 85% of all TGF-beta-regulated mRNAs were affected at 24 and 48 hours, respectively. BNP opposed TGF-beta-regulated genes related to fibrosis (collagen 1, fibronectin, CTGF, PAI-1, and TIMP3), myofibroblast conversion (alpha-smooth muscle actin 2 and nonmuscle myosin heavy chain), proliferation (PDGFA, IGF1, FGF18, and IGFBP10), and inflammation (COX2, IL6, TNFalpha-induced protein 6, and TNF superfamily, member 4). Lastly, BNP stimulated the extracellular signal-related kinase pathway via cyclic guanosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase signaling, and two mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitors, U0126 and PD98059, reversed BNP inhibition of TGF-beta-induced collagen-1 expression. These findings demonstrate that BNP has a direct effect on cardiac fibroblasts to inhibit fibrotic responses via extracellular signal-related kinase signaling, suggesting that BNP functions as an antifibrotic factor in the heart to prevent cardiac remodeling in pathological conditions.

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