Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Hemolysis after mitral valve repair: mechanisms and treatment.

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to determine the mechanisms of hemolysis after mitral valve repair and to determine outcomes after surgical treatment (mitral replacement or re-repair).

METHODS: Between 1981 and 2002, 32 patients (mean age, 58 years) presented with hemolytic anemia after mitral valve repair for degenerative, rheumatic, or ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR). Three types of annuloplasty were used at the initial mitral valve repair: Cosgrove-Edwards, Carpentier-Edwards, and bovine pericardial (Perigard). The diagnosis and the mechanisms of hemolysis were investigated with laboratory testing and echocardiography.

RESULTS: Median interval from initial mitral valve surgery to diagnosis of hemolysis was 3 months (range, 1 week to 4 years). At presentation, mean hematocrit was 27.5% +/- 4.9% and 22 patients (69%) required transfusion. Echocardiographic findings varied. Twenty-four patients (77%) had grade 3 or 4 MR. Mitral regurgitant jet types included fragmentation (11 patients, 34%), acceleration (10, 31%), slow deceleration (5, 16%), collision (4, 13%), and free jet (2, 6%). Mitral valve replacement was performed in 28 patients, mitral valve re-repair in 3, and 1 patient did not undergo reoperation. At reoperation the mitral valve repair was physically intact in 25 of 31 patients (81%). There were 2 hospital deaths in patients having reoperation (6%). Actuarial survival was 95% at 1 year and 85% at 5 years. In 1 patient recurrent mechanical hemolysis developed caused by a perivalvular leak after mitral valve replacement.

CONCLUSIONS: Hemolysis is a mode of failure of mitral valve repair. Patients with hemolysis generally present within 3 months of mitral valve repair. Although echocardiographic features varied, most patients had high-grade MR and regurgitant jets that fragmented or accelerated. Mitral valve replacement yields favorable outcomes for patients with hemolysis after mitral valve repair.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app