The role of adrenomedullin and receptors in glomerular hyperfiltration in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Keita Hiragushi, Jun Wada, Jun Eguchi, Takashi Matsuoka, Akihiro Yasuhara, Izumi Hashimoto, Tetsuji Yamashita, Kazuyuki Hida, Yoshio Nakamura, Kenichi Shikata, Naoto Minamino, Kenji Kangawa, Hirofumi Makino
Kidney International 2004, 65 (2): 540-50

BACKGROUND: Since adrenomedullin (AM) elicits vasodilatation by binding to specific AM receptors consisted of calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CRLR)/receptor-activity-modifying protein 2 (RAMP2) or CRLR/receptor-activity-modifying protein 3 (RAMP3) on endothelial cells and stimulating nitric oxide production, AM possibly involves in glomerular capillary dilatation in early phase of diabetic nephropathy.

METHODS: Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats at 4 weeks after the injection were employed for expression studies of AM, RAPM2, and RAMP3. The measurement of AM peptide levels in kidney tissue, plasma, and urine was performed. Human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) were used to investigate functional link between glucose-induced AM production and nitric oxide release.

RESULTS: STZ rats showed glomerular hypertrophy and increased urinary NO2- and NO3- excretion. By Northern blot analyses, AM and RAPM2 mRNAs significantly increased in the kidneys of STZ rats, while RAMP3 mRNA was not altered. In STZ rats, AM peptide was actively secreted into urine (1280 +/- 360 fmol/day vs. control 110 +/- 36 fmol/day). AM peptide was mainly detected on cortical and medullary collecting duct cells in control rat kidneys and AM peptide and mRNA were up-regulated on afferent arterioles and glomeruli of STZ rats. RAMP2 expression was detected on afferent arterioles and not in glomeruli in control rats and it was up-regulated on glomerular endothelial cells in STZ rats. In HAEC culture, d-glucose stimulated AM and nitric oxide production and they were suppressed by addition of AM antisense oligodeoxynucleotides.

CONCLUSION: Up-regulated expression of AM and RAMP2 in afferent arterioles and glomeruli may be related to selective dilatation of glomerular capillary in acute phase of type 1 diabetes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"