Marine envenomations. Part 2—Other marine envenomations

B Nimorakiotakis, K D Winkel
Australian Family Physician 2003, 32 (12): 975-9

BACKGROUND: Australian waters contain a variety of venomous creatures, including jellyfish, stinging fish, blue-ringed octopus, sea snakes, cone snails and stingrays.

OBJECTIVE: Part 2 of this article focusses on common marine envenomations other than jellyfish stings.

DISCUSSION: Even though mortality from these envenomations is low, there is a high level of morbidity especially with stonefish and other stinging fish envenomations. Some envenomations, however, are serious enough to require antivenom treatment and deaths still occasionally occur.

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