JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prevention of gliotic scar formation by NeuroGel allows partial endogenous repair of transected cat spinal cord

Stéphane Woerly, Van Diep Doan, Norma Sosa, Jean de Vellis, Araceli Espinosa-Jeffrey
Journal of Neuroscience Research 2004 January 15, 75 (2): 262-72
14705147
Spinal cords of adult cats were transected and subsequently reconnected with the biocompatible porous poly (N-[2-hydroxypropyl] methacrylamide) hydrogel, NeuroGel. Tissue repair was examined at various time points from 6-21 months post reconstructive surgery. We examined two typical phenomena, astrogliosis and scar formation, in spines reconstructed with the gel and compared them to those from transected non-reconstructed spines. Confocal examination with double immunostaining for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and myelin basic protein (MBP) showed that the interface formed between the hydrogel and the spine stumps did prevent scar formation and only a moderate gliosis was observed. The gel implant provided an adequate environment for growth of myelinated fibers and we saw angiogenesis within the gel. Electron microscopy showed that regenerating axons were myelinated by Schwann cells rather than oligodendrocytes. Moreover, the presence of the gel implant lead to a considerable reduction in damage to distal caudal portions of the spine as assessed by the presence of more intact myelinated fibers and a reduction of myelin degradation. Neurologic assessments of hindlimb movement at various times confirmed that spinal cord reconstruction was not only structural but also functional. We conclude that NeuroGel lead to functional recovery by providing a favorable substrate for regeneration of transected spinal cord, reducing glial scar formation and allowing angiogenesis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
14705147
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"