JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Neuromuscular complications in HIV

Susama Verma, Elena Micsa, Lydia Estanislao, David Simpson
Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 2004, 4 (1): 62-7
14683631
HIV affects many organs of the body, including the nervous system. As a result, a series of neurologic complications have created challenges for scientists and clinicians alike. Among these, HIV-associated neuropathy and myopathy may occur at all stages of the disease process. Of the neuropathies, distal symmetrical polyneuropathy is the most common form. The pathogenesis of primary HIV neuropathy is unknown. Other types of neuropathy seen in HIV-infected subjects include toxic neuropathy, inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, progressive polyradiculopathy, and mononeuritis multiplex. In this review, we present the clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of different types of neuropathy in HIV infection. Myopathy, another complication of HIV, is not associated with any particular stage of immunosuppression. Symptoms include symmetrical weakness of the proximal muscles in the extremities. Serum creatine kinase levels are often moderately elevated. Electromyography and muscle biopsy are helpful tests for diagnosis. Treatment of HIV myopathy includes corticosteroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, and intravenous immunoglobulin.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
14683631
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.