JOURNAL ARTICLE

Accumulation of mutant myocilins in ER leads to ER stress and potential cytotoxicity in human trabecular meshwork cells

Myung Kuk Joe, Seongsoo Sohn, Wonhee Hur, Younkyong Moon, Young Ran Choi, Changwon Kee
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2003 December 19, 312 (3): 592-600
14680806
MYOC encoding a 55kDa secretory glycoprotein named myocilin is closely linked to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). To understand a role played by MYOC in glaucoma, we examined the cellular fate of various mutant myocilins that were adenovirally expressed in human trabecular meshwork cells. Most myocilins with mutations such as G364V, Q368X, K423E, Y437H, and I477N were intrinsically stable, and appeared to have interactions with wild-type myocilin but not with stromelysin and thereby selectively inhibited the secretion of the former protein. The myocilins expressed were identified to be concentrated into fine punctate aggregates in endoplasmic reticulum, but never developed into the formation of aggresomes. In endoplasmic reticulum, the accumulation of the myocilins resulted in the upregulation of 78kDa glucose-regulated protein and protein disulfide isomerase. In addition, the expression of the myocilins led to deformed cellular morphology and diminished cell proliferation, an effect postulated to result in the dysfunction of trabecular cells that could be a cause of glaucoma. Therefore, our results support the statement that gain of function rather than haploinsufficiency is a critical mechanism for POAG in individuals with mutations on MYOC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
14680806
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"