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Use of intravenous immunoglobulin in children with stevens-johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis: seven cases and review of the literature.

Pediatrics 2003 December
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis are the most severe cutaneous reactions that occur in children. Off-label use of human intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been reported in a number of autoimmune and cell-mediated blistering disorders of the skin, including severe cutaneous drug reactions. We review 28 previous reports in which IVIG was used in pediatric patients with SJS and toxic epidermal necrolysis and discuss our experience in 7 children with SJS, in whom no new blisters developed within 24 to 48 hours after IVIG administration and rapid recovery ensued. IVIG seems to be a useful and safe therapy for children with severe cutaneous drug reactions. Well-controlled, prospective, multicenter clinical trials are needed to determine optimal dosing guidelines and to compare the efficacy and safety of IVIG with other potentially effective modalities.

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