Indwelling catheters: developing an integrated care pathway package

Karen Logan
Nursing Times 2003 November 4, 99 (44): 49-51
Urinary catheterisation is a common nursing procedure in hospital and in the community, yet there are risks associated with it. Complications include urethral trauma, urinary tract infection, strictures, urethral perforation, encrustation, bladder calculi and neoplastic changes (Lowthian, 1998). The procedure is also linked to nosocomial infection and, in some cases, these catheter-related infections can prove fatal (Pratt et al, 2001). Due to the risks, catheterisation is indicated as a last resort after all other interventions have failed.

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