Long-term results of alumina-on-alumina hip arthroplasty for osteonecrosis

Christophe Nich, El-Hadi Sariali, El-Hadi Sari Ali, Didier Hannouche, Rémy Nizard, Jacques Witvoet, Laurent Sedel, Pascal Bizot
Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research 2003, (417): 102-11
Alumina-on-alumina bearings in THR may, in theory, provide an effective answer to osteolysis in young patients with ON of the femoral head. The purpose of this retrospective study was to report the long-term results of a series of 52 consecutive alumina THAs (41 patients) done for ON. The mean age of the patients at surgery was 41 years (range, 22-79 years). Cemented femoral stems with a 32-mm alumina head were used. Plain alumina cups were used and were either cemented (39 hips) or press-fit (13 hips). No patients were lost to followup. Sixteen hips have been revised. Aseptic loosening of the socket was the main cause of failure. At an average 16-year followup (range, 11-23.65 years), 26 hips were rated excellent and one hip was rated good. No osteolysis was observed and wear was undetectable. If revision for aseptic loosening was the end point, the rate of survival was 88.5% at 10 years for the socket and 100% at 10 years for the stem. With the alumina-on-alumina hip replacement done for ON, absence of osteolysis can be expected for as many as 24 years after the operation. New methods of socket fixation now are being explored.

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