JOURNAL ARTICLE

Myocardin expression is regulated by Nkx2.5, and its function is required for cardiomyogenesis

Tomomi Ueyama, Hideko Kasahara, Takahiro Ishiwata, Qing Nie, Seigo Izumo
Molecular and Cellular Biology 2003, 23 (24): 9222-32
14645532
Nkx2.5 (also known as Csx) is an evolutionarily conserved cardiac transcription factor of the homeobox gene family. Nkx2.5 is required for early heart development, since Nkx2.5-null mice die before completion of cardiac looping. To identify genes regulated by Nkx2.5 in the developing heart, we performed subtractive hybridization by using RNA isolated from wild-type and Nkx2.5-null hearts at embryonic day 8.5. We isolated a mouse cDNA encoding myocardin A, which is an alternative spliced isoform of myocardin and the most abundant isoform in the heart from embryo to adult. The expression of myocardin A and myocardin was markedly downregulated in Nkx2.5-null mouse hearts. Transient-cotransfection analysis showed that Nkx2.5 transactivates the myocardin promoter. Inhibition of myocardin function in the teratocarcinoma cell line P19CL6 prevented differentiation into cardiac myocytes after dimethyl sulfoxide treatment. Myocardin A transactivated the promoter of the atrial natriuretic factor gene through the serum response element, which was augmented by bone morphogenetic protein 2 and transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase 1. These results suggest that myocardin expression is regulated by Nkx2.5 and that its function is required for cardiomyogenesis.

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