COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

NOD2/CARD15 variants are associated with lower weight at diagnosis in children with Crohn's disease

Gitit Tomer, Clare Ceballos, Erlinda Concepcion, Keith J Benkov
American Journal of Gastroenterology 2003, 98 (11): 2479-84
14638352

OBJECTIVES: NOD2/CARD15 variants have recently been shown to be associated with Crohn's disease (CD). No analysis of NOD2/CARD15 gene variants has so far been reported in pediatric patients. Therefore, our aim was to analyze NOD2/CARD15 gene variants in children with CD and to perform genotype-phenotype analyses.

METHODS: We studied 101 children with CD and 136 healthy controls. Detailed phenotypic information was obtained from each patient. Patients were genotyped for the three NOD2/CARD15 variants R702W (single nucleotide polymorphism 8 [SNP8]), G908R (SNP12), and L1007fs (SNP13), and genotype-phenotype correlations were performed.

RESULTS: We found 33 NOD2/CARD15 mutations in 29 of 101 patients (29%). The frequency of NOD2 variation was 31% in white (n=87) compared with 11% in controls (chi2=14; p=0.0001; OR=3.7; 95% CI=1.7-7.8). Four white patients but not control subjects were compound heterozygotes. NOD2/CARD15 variants were significantly associated with ileal disease (chi2=4.5; p=0.03; OR=5; 95% CI=0.9-35.9). Of the children with NOD2/CARD15 variants, 44% were < or =5th percentile for weight at diagnosis, whereas only 15% of children without mutations were < or =5th percentile (chi2=8.7; p=0.003; OR=4.5; 95% CI=1.4-14.4). Similar trends were observed for height but they did not reach statistical significance.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that: 1) the three NOD2/CARD15 variants confer risk to CD in children; 2) NOD2/CARD15 variants are associated with ileal disease in children as in adults; and 3) NOD2/CARD15 variants are associated with lower weight percentiles at diagnosis in children and a tendency toward lower height percentile, suggesting an association between growth in children with CD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
14638352
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"