The effects of vasopressin on systemic and splanchnic hemodynamics and metabolism in endotoxin shock

Tero J Martikainen, Jyrki J Tenhunen, Ari Uusaro, Esko Ruokonen
Anesthesia and Analgesia 2003, 97 (6): 1756-63

UNLABELLED: We compared the effects of vasopressin and norepinephrine on systemic and splanchnic circulation and metabolism in endotoxin shock in pigs. Twenty-one pigs were randomized to endotoxin shock (Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion) (n = 6), endotoxin and vasopressin (VASO; n = 6), endotoxin and norepinephrine (NE; n = 6), and controls (n = 3). Endotoxin infusion was increased to induce hypotension, after which vasopressin or norepinephrine was started to keep systemic mean arterial blood pressure >70 mm Hg. Regional blood flows and arterial and regional lactate concentrations were measured. Tonometers with microdialysis capillaries were inserted into the stomach, jejunum, and colon. Systemic mean arterial blood pressure >70 mm Hg was achieved in the VASO and NE groups. Vasopressin decreased cardiac output, superior mesenteric artery, and portal vein blood flow, whereas hepatic arterial blood flow increased. Arterial lactate concentration increased from 2.0 mM (1.6-2.1 mM) to 4.7 mM (4.7-4.9 mM) (P = 0.007). Systemic and mesenteric oxygen delivery and consumption decreased and oxygen extraction increased in the VASO group. Vasopressin increased mucosal-arterial PCO(2) gradients in all three locations, whereas luminal lactate release occurred only in the jejunum. Animals in the NE group remained stable. Vasopressin reversed hypotension but decreased systemic and gut blood flow. This was associated with hyperlactatemia, signs of visceral dysoxia, and jejunal luminal lactate release.

IMPLICATIONS: Although vasopressin induces vasoconstriction in visceral region, its effects on splanchnic circulation and metabolism during septic-endotoxin shock are still poorly characterized. We evaluated the metabolic and hemodynamic effects of vasopressin and norepinephrine within the splanchnic area in porcine endotoxin shock.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"