Interleukin-2 production in whole blood cell cultures of women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted reproduction technology cycles

Raoul Orvieto, Tatiana Leites, Ronit Abir, Jacob Bar, Rakefet Yoeli, Dov Feldberg, Benjamin Fisch
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI 2003, 50 (3): 220-3

PROBLEM: To determine whether human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) modulates the in vitro release of interleukin (IL-2) from human peripheral lymphocytes and monocytes derived from patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH).

METHOD OF STUDY: A large university-based IVF unit was used for the study. Blood was drawn thrice from 12 women undergoing our routine IVF long gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-analog protocol during the COH cycle: (1) day on which adequate suppression was obtained (Day-S); (2) day of or prior to hCG administration (Day-hCG); and (3) day of ovum pick-up (Day-OPU). At each point of time, blood was tested for sex-steroid levels and then cultured for 72 hr either without (control-culture) or with hCG (hCG-culture) or with mitogenic stimulation by phytohemagglutinin (PHA-culture). The culture-medium supernatants were tested for IL-2 levels with a commercial sandwich enzyme-linked immunoassay.

RESULTS: Whole blood culture IL-2 levels increased significantly during COH until peak E2, and then decreased significantly after hCG administration. IL-2 levels were decreased in the control- and PHA-culture media on Day-OPU compared with Day-hCG. There were no significant correlations between IL-2 levels in the culture media and serum estradiol, progesterone or human chorionic gonadotropin levels.

CONCLUSION: Apparently, hCG attenuates IL-2 production by mononuclear cells with and without mitogenic stimulation, irrespective of the estradiol level. This suggests that hCG may indirectly modulate the inflammatory response, resulting in the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"