JOURNAL ARTICLE

Genetic polymorphisms of CYP2C9 and CYP2C19 in the Beninese and Belgian populations

Aurel C Allabi, Jean-Luc Gala, Jean-Pierre Desager, Michel Heusterspreute, Yves Horsmans
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2003, 56 (6): 653-7
14616425

AIMS: To investigate the distribution of cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) and 2C19 (CYP2C19) genotype frequencies in the Beninese and Belgian Caucasian populations.

METHODS: Beninese (n = 111) and Belgian (n = 121) were genotyped for CYP2C9*2, *3, *4, *5, and *11 as well as for CYP2C19*2 and*3.

RESULTS: The distribution of alleles was: CYP2C9*1: 95.5 vs. 82.2% (P < 0.001); CYP2C9*2: 0 vs. 10% (P < 0.001); CYP2C9*3: 0 vs. 7.4% (P < 0.01); CYP2C9*4: both 0%; CYP2C9*5: 1.8 vs. 0% (P = 0.05); and CYP2C9*11: 2.7 vs. 0.4% (P < 0.05). The frequencies of the CYP2C19*2 allele were 13 vs. 9.1%, respectively. CYP2C19*3 was not detected in either population. The 95% confidence intervals for the differences of frequencies of CYP2C9*1, CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, CYP2C9*4, CYP2C9*5, CYP2C9*11, CYP2C19*1, CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 between Belgian and Beninese were 7%, 19%; - 14%, - 6%; - 11%, - 4%; - 1%, 1%; 0%, 4%; 0%, 5%; - 10%, 2%; - 2%, 10%; - 1%; respectively. The distributions of CYP2C9 genotypes in the Beninese and Belgian individuals were: CYP2C9*1/*1: 91 vs. 67% (P < 0.00001); CYP2C9*1/*2: 0 vs. 18.2% (P < 0.0001); CYP2C9*1/*3: 0 vs. 11.6% (P < 0.001); CYP2C9*1/*5: 3.6 vs. 0% (P = 0.05); CYP2C9*1/*11: 5.4 vs. 0.8% (P = 0.05); CYP2C9*2/*3: 0 vs. 1.6% (NS); CYP2C9*3/*3: 0 vs. 0.8% (NS). The distributions of CYP2C19 genotypes between these ethnic groups were: CYP2C19*1/*1: 73.9 vs. 83.5% (NS); CYP2C19*1/*2: 26.1 vs. 14.9% (P < 0.05); CYP2C9*2/*2: 0 vs. 1.6% (NS).

CONCLUSIONS: Differences of allele frequencies between Beninese and Belgian populations were statistically significant for CYP2C9*2, *3, *5 and *11, but not for CYP2C9*4 or for CYP2C19*2 and *3.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
14616425
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"