JOURNAL ARTICLE

Early activation of cardiac and renal endothelin systems in experimental heart failure

Sophie Motte, Ronald van Beneden, José Mottet, Benoit Rondelet, Myrielle Mathieu, Xavier Havaux, Pascale Lause, Cecile Clercx, Jean-Marie Ketelslegers, Robert Naeije, Kathleen McEntee
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 2003, 285 (6): H2482-91
14613913
We investigated the time course of the expression of cardiac and renal endothelin systems in tachycardia-induced heart failure in dogs. Eleven beagles underwent rapid pacing at a progressively increased rate over a period of 5 wk, with a weekly clinical examination, echocardiography, measurement of circulating and urinary endothelin-1 (ET-1), and myocardial and renal tissue biopsies. Real-time quantitative PCR was used for determinations of tissue prepro-ET-1 (ppET-1), ET-1-converting enzyme (ECE-1), and ETA and ETB receptor mRNA. Cardiac and renal tissue ET-1 contents were evaluated by immunostaining and measured by radioimmunoassay at autopsy. Rapid pacing caused a progressive increase in end-systolic and end-diastolic ventricular volumes (P < 0.05) from week 2 together with a decrease in ejection fraction and in mean velocity of circumferential shortening (P < 0.05) from week 1. These changes were tightly correlated to myocardial ppET-1 and renal ETA receptor mRNA and less so to myocardial ECE-1 mRNA, and they occurred before any increase in plasma and urinary ET-1 (P < 0.05 from week 4) and clinical signs of heart failure. Renal ppET-1 did not change. Both cardiac and renal ET-1 peptide contents were increased at autopsy. We conclude that tachycardia-induced heart failure in dogs is characterized by an early activation of the cardiac and renal tissue endothelin systems, which occurs before any changes in circulating and urinary ET-1 and is closely related to altered ventricular function.

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